The Public International Center of the Roerichs (until September 1991: Soviet Roerichs Foundation) was founded in the year 1989 in Moscow by Svetoslav Roerich -a citizen of India, an outstanding artist, thinker, scientist, naturalist and philanthropist. Svetoslav Roerich transferred the heritage of his parents – Nicholas Roerich, a Russian painter, scholar, thinker, traveller, public figure, and Helena Roerich – prominent philosopher and writer, from India to Russia, where, in Moscow, he founded a public organization, which after the collapse of the Soviet Union was transformed into the International Center of the Roerichs (ICR). The International Center of the Roerichs, according to the will of Svetoslav Roerich and based on the handed over Roerich heritage, created the public Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich in Moscow, which is the largest public museum in the Russian Federation.

The International Center of the Roerichs created the Roerich-Museum without any financial support by the State. The museum continues its activities despite the complication of the economic situation solely with the support of the public.

Lopukhin Manor, which hosts the museum in the very center of Moscow, was restored by the efforts of the ICR literally from the ashes without a dime of means from the State, only through people’s donations and efforts by benefactors. For the re-establishment of Lopukhin Manor, the first Vice President of the International Center of the Roerichs and General Director of the Roerich-Museum, Lyudmila Vasilevna Shaposhnikova, in 2007 was awarded the national prize “Cultural Heritage” of the Russian Federation and in 2010 received the EU Europa Nostra Prize for Cultural heritage for selfless work in the preservation of the cultural heritage (http://www.europanostra.org/awards/31/).

For special merits in the Roerich heritage conservation and development of museology in Lyudmila Shaposhnikova, Director General of the Museum and its creator, received State awards of the Russian Federation – Order of Friendship (2006) and “Merit to the Fatherland IV degree (2011).

In past years, the International Center of the Roerichs managed not only to save trusted him with the Roerichs’ heritage, but also significantly increase it: today, thanks to the donations of benefactors, the public Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich of the ICR has the largest art collection of paintings of N.K. and S.N. Roerich.